|Brush - Holly,
Xylosma flexuosa, Flacourtiaceae, Flacourtia Family
Description: Evergreen, thorny shrub with olive-green
leaves and persistent red berries
Height: To 20 ft, usually 5 to 10 ft.
Flowers: Small, unisexual on same or separate plants, in axillary
clusters; at intervals throughout the year.
Fruit: Clusters of persistent, round, red 2 to 8 seeded berries
Foliage: Evergreen, simple, alternate or clustered, variably
sized, oval, olive-green or darker and paler beneath
Spines: Single, slender, straight spines of variable length Bark:
Smooth when immature, breaking into scales later, gray to brown.
Growth Rate: Slow to medium
Sun: Shade to full sun Soil: Various
Water: Low, drought tolerant
Propagation: Seed, softwood cutting
Native Habitat: Palm groves, resaca banks,
brushy thickets, clay lomas
Fruit - birds Comments: Attractive specimen shrub with
contrasting olive-green and persistent red to purple berries